About Ratlam

Ratlam Location
Ratlam Location on Map of India

(Sources: Wikipedia - en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ratlam and NIC District Centre Ratlam - www.ratlam.nic.in)

Ratlam known historically as Ratnapuri, is a city and one of the important districts in the Malwa region in Madhya Pradesh State of Central India. The town of Ratlam lies 480 mtrs above sea level. It is the administrative headquarters of Ratlam District.

The New Town of Ratlam was founded by Captain Borthwick in 1829 with regular and broadened streets and well built houses. Ratlam was one of the first Commercial Towns in Central India being the centre of an extensive trade in opium, tobacco and salt. It was also famous in Malwa for its bargains called Sattas. Before the opening of the Railway Line to Khandwa in 1872, there was no better mart than Ratlam.

The District of Ratlam was created in June 1948 and was reorganised in January 1949. It covers the area of the former princely State of Ratlam, Jaora, Sailana, Piploda, Ringnod Tehsil of Dewas Senior, part of Dewas Junior and Mandsaur Tehsil of Gwalior State, a few villages of Dhar State and the Chief Commissioners’ provinces of Pant Piploda.

Ratlam is situated in the North-West region of Madhya Pradesh from 23 05' North to 23 52' North Longitude and 74 31' East to 75 41' East Latitude. It is bounded by Mandsaur in the North, Jhabua and Dhar in the South, Ujjain in the East, Chhitorgarh and Banswara Districts of Rajasthan in the West, Shajapur District of Madhya Pradesh and Jhalawar District of Rajasthan in the North.

Ratlam, like most of Madhya Pradesh, has a transitional climate between a tropical wet and dry and a humid sub-tropical climate. Three distinct seasons are observed, summer, monsoon and winter. Summers start in mid-March and can be extremely hot in April and May. Highs can reach 45 °C (113 °F), although the humidity is extremely low. The monsoon season starts in late June, with temperatures averaging around 26 °C (79 °F), with sustained, torrential rainfall (July – September) and high humidity. The average rain fall is 36 inches. Winters start in mid-November and are dry, mild and sunny. Temperatures average about 4–15 °C (39–59 °F), but can fall close to freezing on some nights. In summers, the temperature can be sometimes as high as 48–50 °C (118–122 °F) and in winters it can be as low as 2 °C (36 °F).